Innovative Journalism – The Rising Realm of Audio Storytelling

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The developing nature of various forms of journalism over time has proved that approaches to journalism have evolved, ultimately achieving innovation. Audio journalism is a main contributor to mainstream journalism, acting as the counterpart to the visuals or text of news stories and news reports. However, innovative journalism has encountered the rise of audio journalism through podcasts, audio storytelling and radio.
 
The nature of storytelling encompasses various attributes which have lead to its innovation. It allows for an oral intimacy between the composer of the piece and it’s respective responders. Audio journalism does not require the engagement of visual senses thus being a simple and effortless, yet informative form.
“Audio stories ‘colour in’ and extend beyond the news agenda…Providing a sort of aural literary journalism whose-psychological, philosophical, cultural and political insights transcend national boundaries and connect listeners from around the world” 

-Trends In Newsrooms, 2015 




According to Online Journalism Blog, audio journalism effectively executes “actuality, debate and emotion”. Audio journalism engages its responders by using journalistic practices when composing its pieces. This will include the ability of the composer to distinguish between a newsworthy story and a story that is not newsworthy, thus leading to the “talent” or the individual whose voice will be recorded. This is a crucial aspect of audio journalism as it will determine the ability of the story to engage its responders, the audience of the piece and will also set the genre. The audio quality must be of clarity to ensure the emotion of the “talent” can be identified with when engaging with the audio piece.

Audio journalism is changing the traditional elements of journalism as it provides audiences the chance to engage and create a relationship with the composer or the talent of that respective audio piece. Mainstream journalism such a print journalism or broadcast journalism is firmly associated with the reporting of a story and ensuring the details of the story have been listed. In diee contrast to this, instead of reporting the story, audio journalism tells the story. 
Sources:
Trends in Newsrooms – 2015 Report

 

 

 

 

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Swipe Life – WHAT’S HIDDEN?

During August 2014, New Zealand Tourist, Warriena Wright died from falling fourteen stories off of her Tinder date, Gable Tostee’s Gold Coast apartment balcony. This incident has lead to the questioning of the “uses and abuses” of social media dating sites such as Tinder.

‘Swipe Life’ explores the virtual agendas of the daily Tinder user and why the emergence of this subculture has developed into its own public sphere. This audio visual piece explores the realms of the daily Tinder agenda as the two interviewed individuals describe their juxtaposing uses of the application. 

Tinder is a mobile phone application which serves as a social media platform for online dating. The application provides “matches” of the user’s choice of gender, kilometre distance and age range based off of their own location in co-ordination with the location of the matches that they are provided with. According to Digital Company Statistics, as of the 3rd of June, 2016, the highly sought application has been downloaded 100 million times, has an estimated 50 million users and has over 10 million daily users whom are classified as “active users” of the app.

This form of internet dating culture, one that is quick, easy and efficient has spawned the world. However, even though the application’s fame has been maintained since its release on the 12th of September, 2012, some of the various users that the application comes across, are not very open with their use of Tinder.

There is a stigma associated with the users of Tinder and these individuals become classified as “desperate”, “middle-aged & single” and “embarrassing” to date and meet people without the aid of an online dating application. This stigma amongst its users further questions their open-ness with their use of Tinder and furthermore, the extent of their privacy alongside the use of the application.

It is cases and scenarios much like Gable Tostee’s “alleged killing” of his Tinder date, Warriena Wright that questions Tinder’s subculture and its moral stances when divulging information of an individual’s use of Tinder to authoritative stature to take preventative measures of such offences to be repeated.

References

ABC News. 2016. Gable Tostee trial: Jury resumes deliberations over Tinder date murder charge – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-10-19/gable-tostee-murder-trial-jury-resume-deliberations/7945094.

DMR. 2016. 45 Impressive tinder Statistics (October 2016). [ONLINE] Available at:http://expandedramblings.com/index.php/tinder-statistics/.

Marshall, Monica. 2016. RELATIONSHIPS HOW REAL COUPLES WHO MET ONLINE NAVIGATE THE ‘HOW DID YOU MEET’ QUESTION. [ONLINE] Available at: http://verilymag.com/2016/10/real-couples-who-met-on-dating-apps-tinder-online-dating.

Washington Post. 2016. Why everyone is miserable on Tinder – The Washington Post. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2016/07/26/why-everyone-is-miserable-on-tinder/.

YouTube. 2016. A$AP Ferg – Swipe Life (Audio) ft. Rick Ross – YouTube. [ONLINE] Available at:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bv8Cw30tY0M.

An Emotional History – Shanine Pineda

Link to Audio: https://soundcloud.com/sha9/shanine-pineda-emotional-history

 

Emotional History – Audio Story Telling Task

Shanine Pineda – Reflection

 

This task heavily relies on the chosen talent as Giliberti asserts that a reason in which “Podcasting is the future of storytelling” is due to the fact that “talent base is growing”. The ‘talent’, which I selected for this assignment, was one of my friends Uriel. She is a very bright and bubbly individual whom has high amounts of motive and clarity in her voice. Before selecting her as the subject and in the interviewee for my assignment, she had called me and wanted to rant about the “dud” of a Friday night she had out in the city a few weeks ago. Mid-conversation, I asked her if she would like to be interviewed as the emotion and tone in her voice alongside the affect she had on me during our conversation definitely convinced me that this story would suit the assignment guidelines.

 

 

Our interview was solid however, not time efficient. Upon asking Uriel very little questions, she would dawdle off into a narrative tone and would describe every thing that happened in thorough detail. This was helpful to the final piece and gave me a lot to work with however not helpful at all throughout my editing stage of the task. As Burns asserts, “as the drafts progress, more facts are added to give the story greater substance”. Our interview went for the duration of 16 minutes, which meant a large amount of hours, spent editing, cutting and refining it down to the 2 minutes I have submitted.

 

The environment of our interview was in my car, parked in my garage where no echoing would take place and where background noises did not occur. The sound environment of my car was very inclusive and ensured that no sounds such as doors opening and closing, cars driving past and voices of people would externally occur. The recording of the actuality was very interesting. I borrowed a zoom recorder on a Friday to have it over the weekend and took it with me to Pontoon Bar and to the Park Royale Hotel Lobby. Going out and having a night out myself was a great way and a great motive to conclude the hard work of editing and refining the interview into a story.

 

To intensify the plot and to make the audience feel like they are apart of the narrative plot themselves, I added three recordings of actuality: The first was self-recorded atmosphere of a club, which was recorded at Pontoon Bar on a Saturday night. The second was recorded in the hotel lobby of Park Royale Hotel, also on a Saturday night and the third was the recording of my mobile phone receiving text notifications. The first recording from Pontoon consisted of music being played with heavy beats and the chatter and cheering of people in the background. The second recording from Park Royale’s Lobby was highly true to any form of a hotel lobby. It consisted of light somewhat, jazzy-type music overlapped with the muffles of hotel guests in the lobby that evening. Alongside the various forms of actuality, I also incorporated two songs of an upbeat, electronic genre to allow my audio to breathe in times where gaps and breaths were required.

 

In conclusion, this task definitely reveals how easily audio interviews can be easily altered to suit the needs of the editor. In reference to Ira Glass who stated, “you have to make them [quotes/phrases] come to exist”, it is clearly evident that a substantial audio piece does not have to have a definite starting and finishing point. It can be created through the alterations of the ebb and flow and editing.

 

 

References

 

Burns,L (2002). “The Editing Process” in Understanding Journalism, London, Sage Publications Ltd

 

Giliberti, C (2016). “6 Reasons Why Podcasting Is The Future Of Storytelling” in Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/sites/under30network/2016/03/31/6-reasons-why-podcasting-is-the-future-of-storytelling/#681f478d2120

 

Glass, Ira. “Ira Glass On Journalism”. Sydney Opera House Talks and Ideas. N.p., 2016. Print.

 

 

Links to Songs Utilised

 

http://freemusicarchive.org/music/broke_for_free/slam_funk/broke_for_free_-_slam_funk_-_02_calm_the_fuck_down

 

http://freemusicarchive.org/music/Broke_For_Free/Slam_Funk/Broke_For_Free_-_Slam_Funk_-_05_Hella

 

Audio Log for Emotional History – Shanine Pineda

 

Time CONTENT – Summary EVALUATION
0:09 Q – What happened on Friday night?  
  U – Friday night was the first time I went clubbing because I recently turned 18 *** Clear voice, setting of story
0:19 Q – And on that night, did you plan to stay in the city or did you plan to go home?  
  U – We planned to stay in the city and had a hotel booked for two people ***
0:35 Q – How did this night out come about? Who planned it? What were your plans?  
  U – It was originally for a birthday party and what happened was we were gonna stay at Kings Cross and we were gonna go to the club all together and our friends were gonna book rooms in the same hotel. All of a sudden, the birthday girl cancelled but since we already had the hotel rooms booked, so we’ll just have a night out, no problem. And weirdly my mate decided to invite all these other people to stay in our hotel room so we ended up having 6 people stay at a room for two people ** Needs to be cut down however very descriptive tone in her voice. Almost story-telling like
1:59 Q – Were you excited to spend a night out in the city?  
  U – Um, So, As we got closer to the date, I started to be a bit on the fence with wanting to go or not because I was having a lot of assignments with Uni and I just really wasn’t feeling like going out. My mates were like Uriel, you’re always studying, just come out, just have a night out, we haven’t seen you in so long so I was like fine, okay

 

** Not relevant/interesting to story
2:21 Q – When did you meet up with the people you were going with?  
  U – So I went straight after Uni, rock up to the hotel and I see all these random people **
2:57 U – And so I meet this girl, her name is Kajule, uhh is it bad if I put in names, cause i’m going to bitch about her *** Humorous and adds novelty to the interview
3:08 U – And she’s like, Hi, Im Kajule, and I’m like Hi, I’m Uriel, shit that’s my name, I don’t wanna say names **
3:20 Q – What were you doing once you met up with everyone? Were you getting to know Kajule?  
3:31 U – We were talking and just getting ready together and this girl…was getting on my nerves, she was so annoying, she was really weird, so she was talking about how she’s in Youth and I was like yeah that’s cool, i’m in youth as well and because that’s how she met my friend Kelsey who the one who invited her, so we were just talking about Youth, nothing major. Then all of a sudden, she started talking about orgies and having threesomes with people, and saying how hot people were and I was like, this girl….girl, you need to pray

 

*** Another humorous answer to the question, said in a story-telling manner
4:27 Q – Did you do anything else in the lead up to your big night out? How was Kelsey?  
4:45 U – We were just getting ready and drinking and everything and it was hitting, maybe, 9:45, and Kelsey she’s on the bed, and she starts laughing and she’s like, I love my life *Irrelevant, audio is not clear due to mic being moved around
    *loses focus on interview, checks her phone
6:50 Q – What time did you go to the club?  
  U – It hit around 10, we go to the club. So we go to the club and we get free entry, and I’m really worried because my license photo doesn’t even look like me so every time they need my license I’m like, “it’s me””dont worry”.Anyways… ***
7:20 U – We got in and the place was empty because it was my first time clubbing I was like, is this it?! Is this what clubbing is? What the frick! It does not look like what Snapchat looks like **
7:55 Q – So tell me what the atmosphere was like in the club. What had made the night so bad?  
8:05 U – Well we were kind of waiting for it to liven up a little bit but it was like 11, close to 11, Kajule, got kicked out of the club..why? Because she was too drunk and she was sleeping on the floor so the security guard took her out. And because we don’t know her, we were like, well, we’re not gonna go out with you. We don’t really know you *** Detailed and descriptive
8:32 U – So we go to her, look, we’ll give you the hotel key, go back up to the hotel because the security guard was like, you can come back when you’re a little bit sober and she’s like okay *** plot is clear
8:42 U – So we give her the hotel key and it wasn’t really an issue because the hotel was just next-door. * audio not clear due to laughing
8:54 U – And so we start boogie-ing, start having a good time, the club starts to liven up a little bit. Two hours later, we’re go, all right, where’s this Kajule girl? ** thickens and adds to plot,
9:07 U – And then we start ringing her phone. She left her phone in Ashleigh’s bag and so we’re like okay, where’s this girl? **
9:15 U – And so patrisha and ashleigh went to go look for her and they were texting me, and they were giving me updates, and they were texting me and texting me and texting me and it’s like “she’s not in the hotel, we’re gonna look out for her in Kings Cross” ***
9:28 U – And I was like freaking out cause I lost a person, am left with two pinged up mates and people are getting in my comfort zone cause I really wanted to dance, but everyone is tryna, y’know, get it on *Audio seemed rushed
10:15 U – So we go back to the hotel, cause were tired and we just wanna crash and were kind of bored and it was just an off night. Basically this girl ruined our night because we were stressed out over her.

And I was already in an angry mood. Hey, I was tired, I was hungry and I was sleepy and I didn’t even get to drink alcohol and messed up things happened in the club. So I go to the hotel, walk past the receptionist dude and give him a hey

 

***talent alters the questions I have asked her and answers them in a narrative form
    *loses focus on how she is going to phrase her reply, checks her phone
14:11 U – And so the plan for us to sneakily fit 6 people in a 2 room hotel was to go up one by one BUT, because everyone was drunk and I’m the only sober one and I’m the one who had a key, I had to like, keep letting people in and the receptionist kept looking at us and I was like nup, this isn’t gonna work. Im walking past him 6 times with different people. *** very clear audio, great for the plot
14:39 U – When i’m with Kelsey, he goes up to me and he goes,

“What room are you guys in?”

and I go “408”

and he goes “right okay”

So I drop Kelsey to her room, I go back downstairs for James.

And then he sees me walk past with another person he goes…

“Just letting you know that 408 is for two people only…How many people are there?”

and I’m like, Theres a few of us but we got ready together and he’s like, “okay, just letting you know that you guys signed a contract saying that there is only two people there and I have security cameras and I’ve seen you walk past a couple of times with more than one person and if I go up there and check and theres more than two people, I’m gonna vacate the room and you guys are gonna be escorted by police”

**
15:39 U – And I go upstairs, everyones there and I knock on the door and I go “Everybody, we fucked up” ***adds humour

 

Legend:

Q – Interviewer’s (Shanine) Questions

U – Uriel (Interviewee)

 

 

 

A New Era

More than a decade year old, YouTube, the world’s largest growing video broadcast and streaming service has become more than just a place to watch and share video uploads from around the world.

Opportunists have become successful off of YouTube which may entail a few hundred-thousand followers, large amounts of views on every video, thousands of comments from national and international fans and a career with the online company. But how does the individual or group on YouTube make money?

Well, through the success of this individual or group on YouTube, their popularity will mean more attraction to their videos and the advertisements that play at the beginning of your video will contribute to their revenue with YouTube, and thus, YouTube will split these profits with them. Another way to earn money off of YouTube is to become sponsored off of large companies such as management agencies, who will usually aim to hold meet and greets for the YouTuber/s and their fans.

I remember being a ten year old girl who loved to watch YouTube videos such as new songs that would be released and silly people doing silly things but as I grew up, YouTube was growing and evolving into something else. I felt that I didn’t need to read cook books, watch television or go to the cinemas. I felt like everything I needed was on Youtube! From celebrity interviews, current events and the news, how to apply make up, how to bake a cake and episodes of television shows. All in one place!

To top it all off, I was made aware that some individuals and groups who have become successful over YouTube, rely solely on YouTube and posting their content to make a living.

This is what media convergence means to me. YouTube has showcased their growth over the years and this is evident from the wide variety of content you will be able to find on their site. Allowing creative individuals to make a living from posting content to YouTube, being able to gain access to cooking methods, news and television shows on a device that isn’t a television and being able use YouTube as a music store are just some of the fine examples of media converging in society today. Thus, the convergence of everyday life onto a media platform which exists in the world of technology really proves that we are all living in a new era.

Sources

How to be successful on YouTube: The 3 steps

http://www.bustle.com/articles/103239-how-do-youtubers-make-money-a-pro-youtuber-explains-just-how-the-whole-system-works

https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/72866?hl=en

Yours, Mine and Ours

With the current media landscape maintaining so much power over its consumers and users, it is crucial to consider which media moguls own these types of companies. However, it is even more pivotal to consider what they aim to achieve to do during their reigns over their media industry thrones.

The wide and confusing sprawl of various ownership over various affluent media corporations seems to me that these media moguls are in the business for money and power, not influence (no surprise there). However, according to the Australian Communications and Media Authority – ‘Media Interests’ Snapshots, family owned networks do not allow media magnates to hold any percentages of shares among their family-owned companies. A new-age media dynasty perhaps?

Aside from that, consumers of the media should be aware of the influence that these powerful media share holders have over them as it will ultimately determine what type of news they are and how they are consuming it.

With new platforms of communication technology and various mediums of social media, there are now wider varieties of media outlets available that do not trail back to the ownership and influence of media moguls and large corporations. Platforms such as Twitter, YouTube, WordPress and Facebook give informed individuals and members of society the opportunity to post ‘their take’ on certain occurrences in news and current affairs and celebrities will also take part in this. So this just proves that owning shares in large companies can only go so far when wanting to influence and change a nation’s outlook due to their consuming of media.

Consumers in Australia have a wide access to various forms of media, whether it be through radio, television, newspaper or on technology device. This access must not alter to the consumer’s detriment, but must develop as time passes and technology develops. These media shareholders must not consider an immense amount of media censorship. For example, Russian internet censorship bans the use of online forums such as Reddit in aim to reduce anti-political discussion which may occur and thus, the main media sources of Russian society derive from sources that their Government must approve.

Consequently, the reflection of who owns the media that we, as Australian consumers have access to must take place as it can definitely alter the outlook and the perspective we have on the media we absorb.

Sources:

http://www.acma.gov.au/theACMA/media-interests-snapshot

https://meduza.io/en/feature/2015/08/13/this-is-how-russian-internet-censorship-works

The Eye of the Beholder

Due to differing mentalities of individuals, media texts and images have the power to convey various interpretations and because of this, it is crucial to recognise the importance of semiotics within advertising and advertisements.

The first image is an advertisement for Heinz. The signifiers of the image consist of the large amounts of red in the image, the stacked tomatoes, the Heinz logo which is visible on the tomatoes itself and the white text at the bottom of the image. The signified is that the stacked tomatoes (which replicate the size and shape of a tomato sauce bottle) represent the freshness and the good quality tomato sauce that Heinz is trying to advertise. The text at the bottom of the image which reads “No one grows Ketchup like Heinz” clarifies and further reinforces the aim of the Heinz company, to make it aware to consumers that their ketchup is made from freshly grown produce. The bright red colours have been utilised to attract attention and they also set the brand apart as the colour red can be a connotation for tomatoes or Heinz Ketchup itself. Thus, the sign that the responder will be left with is that Heinz Ketchup sells fresh tomato sauce.

Screen Shot 2016-03-31 at 3.31.29 pm.png

The second image is an advertisement for Phillips and the signifiers of the imagine consist of the hands grasping the coffee mug, the liquid in the coffee mug which is coffee that has taken the form of a music speaker and the white box at the bottom of the image which contains text and the Philips logo. This advertisement is basically saying, that the Philips speaker ‘AS851 Audio Dock’ will allow its users to ‘tune into the right mood’. This is further clarified with the salient feature of the image, the hands grasping the coffee. It is common that coffee is thought to calm and settle the minds of the drinkers, thus bringing them into “the right mood”. However, inside the coffee mug, a music speaker can be seen. Thus, the signified is that music, can act as coffee and can assure you a “right mood”. The sign is that Philips will provide this “right mood” through the purchase of their speaker.

Screen Shot 2016-03-31 at 3.35.53 pm.png

These two images are read more than one way as at a first glance, they perceive to be a tomato sauce bottle and a cup of coffee but through a closer look, are stacked tomatoes and a speaker in a cup of coffee.

The audience of the Heinz ketchup bottle advertisement might think, Heinz must have been mistaken for an unhealthy, artificially fused tomato sauce which is why they are trying to promote that they grow tomatoes to make their sauce or they might think that Heinz is the only ketchup company that sells real tomato sauce as “no one grows ketchup like Heinz”. Whereas the audience of the Philips advertisement may believe that Philips speakers are the only brand that can create “the right mood” or that to be in a “right mood”, you must drink coffee and listen to music.

Each to their own, the science of semiotics can clearly make a difference upon the interpretations of advertisements as they can definitely be read in more than one way.

Here is a Youtube video which is an advertisement that constructs and de-constructs the messages behind their purposeful interview.

Sources

Creative Advertising Posters: 36 Fresh Examples

To ‘Get With The Times’ or to not?

The use and abuse of social media has taken the form of a current anxiety among media audiences to date.

The cause of this is a heavy rely reliance on social media due to its convenience to connect and share with friends, family and loved ones… But once upon a time, there were days where people had access to social media yet weren’t glued to their phone screens, a time when people did not feel the need to be checking every platform/network every few minutes, a time where you would be fussy about what you were posting and a time when we actually knew birthdays and important days off the top of our heads and didn’t need to check Facebook or search it up on google.

When I turned thirteen years old, I remember having to ask permission from my parents before making my Facebook account, I remember all my friends creating their first accounts when they were twelve years old, I remember the value of this yet I did not know nor understand how I became so heavily reliant on social media i.e. Facebook, Instagram and Snapchat throughout the years growing up. I might as well be one of those humans in the movie ‘Wall-E’, stuck to their screens and their menus (or am I already?…)

WALL-E-382.jpg

This reliance is an anxiety. When real life will catch up to those who have ball and chained themselves to their phones, the reality and essence of life will pertain no more value.

As the new media age will grow into something bigger and hopefully brighter through time, the anxieties remain. This reliance on social media networks and technology has already led to the anxieties of cyberbullying and #FOMO. Being so privileged to have and gain access to media and technology should not be taken for granted as it also can be the solution to these anxieties. 

Scrolling through my Facebook newsfeed (as usual) I came across something rather odd. One of my eldest cousins had made a Facebook account for her 2 month old baby. SO YOUNG. SO EARLY. This child’s life will have Facebook owning images of their face, before they develop their actual facial features. Perhaps an example of ‘getting with the times’?… Or another account to rely on when sharing and interacting with the family members of the child who actually want to see the baby in real time.

The reliance of interaction between family and friends across social media platforms will one day remind those so heavily reliant that interaction and communication doesn’t have to always have to mean comments on Facebook posts and FaceTime calls.

Sources